Hoda Kotb Gave Daughter Haley, 3, a 'Secret Signal' During Thanksgiving Parade — See Her Cute Reaction!

Hoda Kotb found a covert way to send her daughter a sweet message during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade broadcast.

While co-hosting the 94th annual holiday parade coverage on NBC with Savannah Guthrie on Thursday, the Today personality, 56, briefly tugged on her ear at one point — a "secret signal" she later revealed was intended for her 3½-year-old daughter, Haley Joy. Kotb also shares daughter Hope Catherine, 18 months, with fiancé Joel Schiffman.

"Told Haley I would give her a secret signal from parade to say i love you! tug on my ear a la @carolburnett," the mom wrote on Instagram, adding that "Hopey slept thru parade! Naptime!"

Kotb shared a video that was captured of Haley reacting to the moment on TV, the little girl adorably giggling at her mom's signal as Schiffman gave her a kiss on the cheek.

Guthrie, 48, posted her own Thanksgiving tribute to her kids, daughter Vale, 6, and son Charles "Charley" Max, 4, writing on Instagram alongside a gallery of photos: "Thankful."

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Last month, Kotb shared photos of her family in their Sesame Street Halloween costumes, with Kotb in a red Elmo shirt and matching headband, her mother Sameha and Hope in Cookie Monster–themed getups, Schiffman as Big Bird and Haley as Abby Cadabby, complete with a multi-colored tulle skirt and puff-ball headpiece.

The TV journalist and her adorable brood met up with other "characters" during their adventure, carrying balloons featuring familiar faces from the show and wearing face masks as they posed for a group photo.

"Sunnnnnyyyy days sweepin' the clouds awayyyyy! Happy Halloween," Kotb captioned the photo, quoting the show's iconic theme song.

Last month, Kotb confirmed that she had completed paperwork to kickstart the adoption process for a third child after welcoming both of her daughters via adoption. The This Just Speaks to Me author opened up to PEOPLE about adopting again, sharing that her mindset is that "you just wait and see if it's meant to be for you."

"I feel like families come in so many different shapes and sizes and as long as there's lots of love, I think they'll endure. I'm just going to wait and see on that one," she said in October.

Haley is in preschool now, and when Kotb drops her off and picks her up from the socially distanced classroom sessions, she can't help but rave about parenthood with the other moms, she said.

"One of my favorite things is standing six feet apart from the moms at the place, waiting for her to come out. And literally, she sprints out the door … and I scoop her up. It's the best," said Kotb. "When they go in, I'm watching her face. When I see her pointing to her friend saying, 'That's my mom out there,' it makes me want to weep."

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Delayed vaccination: How it may impact your child

A delay in vaccination should be avoided. When families get behind schedule, it means a child does not have the full potential immunity to the disease, thereby making them susceptible to infections

By Dr Deepti T. Nair

Savitha (name changed), a new mom is postponing vaccinations for her 10-week-old daughter because she fears her family could contract COVID 19 or another infection if they visit a hospital. She says she typically has her children vaccinated but is being ultra-cautious about interactions outside of their home during the ongoing pandemic. Many parents like Savitha across the country are fearful and anxious of exposure to the pandemic and other illnesses and hence are delaying vaccinations for their children that they would typically pursue on time.

Frequently asked questions by parents

We are often asked by parents if they can delay the vaccination. For how long can they delay the vaccination? Are missed vaccines still required or has the baby outgrown the same? Should we follow the schedule as per age or take the missed ones? Can we resume with the vaccination once back from their hometown? Do we need these vaccinations now, when everyone is at home? Is this vaccine optional or mandatory? Is it safe to visit the hospital and what precautions need to be taken during the visit?

My simple answer to all these questions is: A delay in vaccination should be avoided. When families get behind schedule, it means a child does not have the full potential immunity to the disease until they are caught up, thereby making them susceptible to these infections for longer periods of time. Having said that, it is important to administer deferred doses as soon as it is feasible.

Immunisation is crucial in protecting your child from infectious diseases such as polio, mumps, rubella, measles, etc. Babies have underdeveloped immune systems, and need vaccinations along with breast milk and a balanced diet (when they are weaned onto solids) for appropriate and uncompromised mental and physical growth. Each disease has a separate vaccination, and each of these vaccines has a schedule that needs to be followed, to be able to give your little one the immunity to fight the diseases.

ALSO READ | Why flu shots for kids is important during the pandemic

Why is it important to follow the recommended vaccination schedule?

Missed vaccination puts the child at risk of contracting the disease the vaccine was meant to protect against. Young children can be exposed to vaccine preventable diseases from almost anyone, ranging from parents, siblings and visitors, to people at the grocery store and play area. They are at risk to catch diseases from people who don’t have any symptoms. Children less than five years are especially susceptible as their immune systems have not built up the necessary defences to fight infection. Vaccine preventable diseases can range from mild to severe and life-threatening. Some of them can cause large outbreaks as well. Measles, for example, is highly contagious and can spread quickly among people who are not immune.

  • The recommended schedule was created to protect infants and young children early in life, when they are most vulnerable, and before they are potentially exposed to vaccine-preventable diseases. It usually takes weeks for a vaccine to help your baby make protective disease fighting antibodies and some vaccines might require multiple doses to provide the best protection. If you wait until your child could be exposed to serious illness, there might not be enough time for the vaccine to work. The recommended immunisation schedule is safe and based on science. Age prevalence of disease decides appropriate age of vaccination as per the standard schedule. Vaccines are scheduled to provide immunity at the right age to your child and also to protect the people around.

  • Following the recommended schedule minimises the number of visits to your child’s health care provider. Unimmunised children are at high risk of infectious diseases during the time the shots are delayed. More so for young children who need protection at an early age, as diseases like H. Influenza B, Pneumococcal pneumonia and whooping cough could be life threatening at less than 2 years of life. Polio can cause permanent paralysis, measles can lead to brain damage or death, and mumps can affect hearing and cause brain damage. Delayed vaccination in children can also put other family members at risk, especially the elderly and those with compromised immunity, chronic health conditions and infants who are too young to be vaccinated.

  • In order to handle the current scenario of delayed vaccination effectively, we prioritise completing the primary series of vaccination. Also, we combine vaccinations mentioned at different ages as possible so that the number of hospital visits is reduced. The parents who are not comfortable visiting the hospital for vaccination can avail for home vaccination services that are available in their city through their hospital. Hospitals also send regular reminders to parents for the pending vaccines.

ALSO READ | How to eliminate the risk of inherited disorders in your child

Precautions

  • I would recommend following regular precautions while visiting the hospital. Take an early appointment through a digital platform to avoid staying longer at the hospital.

  • Ensure not more than one attendant accompanies the baby.

  • Toddlers can use a mask and/or face shield, practice safe social distancing, avoid touching surfaces and take good care of hand hygiene.

(The writer is Consultant Paediatrician & Neonatologist, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Bangalore – Bellandur)

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Cameron Diaz Opens Up About Cooking for Daughter Raddix, 11 Months: 'She's Had Garlic from Day One'

No picky eaters here!

Although Cameron Diaz's daughter Raddix still has a month to go before celebrating her first birthday, the youngster already has a very developed palette when it comes to food.

In a sneak peak at Monday's episode of The Rachael Ray Show, the actress and Avaline entrepreneur, 48, opens up about her love of cooking, which she's gotten plenty of time to experiment with amid the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

"The first four months, I cooked every single meal," she says. "And then we slowly started going, 'Well, maybe we'll order a lunch. Maybe we'll order a dinner.' But for the most part, I'm cooking all the meals."

"I love to cook. It's my love language," she adds. "I love to cook for my husband, I love to cook for my child now. Being able to make the food for her has been incredible."

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And when it comes to putting food on her daughter's plate, Diaz doesn't stick to traditional baby food.

"You can really strengthen her palette," Ray says of Diaz's decision to make Raddix's meals herself. "I hate it when people dumb down kids food."

"No no no no no. She's never had a puree. She never got anything pureed," Diaz replies. "She's had garlic from day one, you know?"

Diaz went on to reveal that in addition to garlic, her daughter is also a fan of bone broth and fresh herbs. "I put herbs in everything. Thyme and dill, sage, everything," the proud mama shares. "She just loves all of it."

Diaz, who married husband Benji Madden in 2015, recently opened up about becoming a first-time mom at 47.

"A lot of people do it the other way around … they get married [and] have a family in their youth," Diaz told Naomi Campbell in an October episode of the supermodel's No Filter YouTube series.

"I'm kind of doing it in the second half of my life," she said, before joking, "The only pressure for me now is I have to live to be, like, 107, you know? No pressure!"

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Caterina Scorsone Opens Up About Raising a Child Who Has Down Syndrome: 'My Daughter Is Perfect'

Caterina Scorsone knows her girls are "perfect" just as they are.

The Grey's Anatomy actress, 39, details her tight-knit relationship with her three daughters for PEOPLE's cover story this week, including what she's learned since becoming mom to Eliza, 8, Pippa, who turns 4 next month, and Lucky, 10 months.

Scorsone reflects on raising Pippa, who was born with Down syndrome, saying her "difference lit a match in my life and in the life of my family."

"When my daughter Pippa was born, I was scared. I didn't know anything about trisomy 21, the name for the occurrence of a third copy of the 21st chromosome, better known as Down syndrome," she says. "… I didn't know anything. All I knew about Down syndrome was that people were afraid of it, so I figured I should be too."

The star explains how she quickly shifted her perspective, seeing any of Pippa's differences as beautiful individuality like anyone else's unique attributes. Scorsone says Pippa's arrival "cracked open a door in my life" — for the better.

"It suddenly became crystal clear," she says, adding, "There is no standard, objective, perfect human being. The metrics of perfection are arbitrary and imposed in the service of those who fit them. My daughter is perfect. Exactly the way she is."

"Pippa is perfect exactly as she is. So are you, and so am I. The only way we lose sight of that perfection is to look for it somewhere else," she says.

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Watch the full episode of People Cover Story: Caterina Scorsone streaming now on PeopleTV.com, or download the PeopleTV app on your favorite device.

Scorsone says her life has been infused with kindness ever since Pippa was born — and since she connected with other families with differently abled children.

"I didn't really know what family could feel like until I entered the disability community and met other families that loved and included a person with Down syndrome," she says. "These hilarious, real humans reached their arms around us when Pippa was born and pulled us into the most joyful, fierce hug we've ever experienced."

Remarking on what she now knows that she didn't prior to welcoming Pippa, Scorsone says "the birth of a baby with Down syndrome is something to be celebrated rather than feared."

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Caterina Scorsone 'Awestruck by the Love' from Her Daughters on First Mother's Day After Split

Back in April 2019, Scorsone, who shares her children with ex Rob Giles, opened up to PEOPLE about parenting, saying that "one thing that changes when you have kids is that nothing is in your control anymore."

She added at the time, "You have to roll with whatever is happening and there are people that are now in your life very intimately and in your space who have distinctly different personalities from you."

For more on Caterina Scorsone's life with her three daughters, pick up the latest issue of PEOPLE, on newsstands Friday.






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Chrissy Teigen reveals she was diagnosed with partial placental abruption before her pregnancy loss

  • Chrissy Teigen had a pregnancy loss on October 1 after she was hospitalized and received multiple blood transfusions. 
  • Teigen revealed in a Medium post that doctors diagnosed her with partial placental abruption before her pregnancy loss. 
  • Partial placental abruption is when the placenta separates from the uterine wall before the baby is delivered, according to the Mayo Clinic.
  • A partial placental abruption can cut off the oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, causing heavy bleeding for to the parent. It can be deadly for both. 
  • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.

Chrissy Teigen experienced a pregnancy loss on October 1 after being hospitalized and receiving multiple blood transfusions. 

In a heart-wrenching letter published to Medium on Wednesday, Teigen revealed doctors diagnosed her with partial placental abruption before her pregnancy loss. 

"I had always had placenta problems," Teigen wrote. 

Placental abruptions can cause heavy bleeding and cut off oxygen to the baby

Teigen wrote that she had always had placental problems, but this pregnancy was her first abruption, which she and her doctors monitored closely. 

Placental abruptions occur when the placenta detaches partially or fully from the inner uterine wall, according to the Mayo Clinic. This can lead to heavy bleeding for the parent carrying the fetus, and cause oxygen and nutrients to be cut off to the baby entirely. 

About 1% of all expecting parents have abruptions, and they cause fetal death in 15% of cases.

Abruptions typically occur after the 20th week of pregnancy. Common symptoms include vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, back pain, and contractions, according to the American Pregnancy Association. 

Teigen said she was 16 weeks pregnant when the bleeding started. 

"In bed, I bled and bled, lightly but all day, changing my own diapers every couple of hours when the blood got uncomfortable to lay in," Teigen wrote, musing about her newfound appreciation for adult diapers. 

Left untreated, abruptions like Teigen's can put both the baby and mother in danger

Though Teigen was later hospitalized to receive blood transfusions in an attempt to give Jack, her 20-week-old baby, the fluids he needed to survive, the bleeding would not stop. 

"After a couple nights at the hospital, my doctor told me exactly what I knew was coming — it was time to say goodbye. He just wouldn't survive this, and if it went on any longer, I might not either," Teigen wrote. "We had tried bags and bags of blood transfusions, every single one going right through me like we hadn't done anything at all."

Doctors induced delivery for Teigen on October 1. 

"My mom, John and I each held him and said our own private goodbyes, mom sobbing through Thai prayer," Teigen wrote. "I asked the nurses to show me his hands and feet and I kissed them over and over and over again."

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An introvert’s guide to parenting an extrovert child

Using an acronym, these simple steps will help you channel your thoughts, and give you ideas about how to build a strong relationship with your extrovert child while continuing to love your own style as well

By Fatema Agarkar

Every parent has that one aspiration that their child is an outgoing, friendly and socially-comfortable individual. Many strive hard to expose their children to different situations to groom them accordingly. This works out perfectly if the parents themselves are social and outgoing. The challenge arises when one or both parents are introverts and find this journey of raising their extrovert child both terrifying and awkward.

You see extroverts, in general, thrive off other people’s energy, being around people, including strangers, and drawing them out into conversations. While this sounds wonderful to those who love meeting new people and enjoying conversations about anything and everything, introverts find this a struggle and difficult to step out of their comfort zone. Instead of striking up a conversation with a stranger at a coffee shop, they would prefer to sit by the window, quietly reading the newspaper by themselves. They need to be alone and their private space is precious, just as for an extrovert, ‘doing something all the time’ with someone is crucial for survival.

Ah – now you see the conflict?

Well, researchers have documented the plight of introverted parents who have described their journey as ‘difficult, emotionally draining and exhausting’ when raising a child who is all about enthusiasm for experimenting, taking risks, meeting people, and extending the friend circle to include the whole universe. What are some strategies that can help an introvert parent continue to support their extrovert child to blossom and enjoy their wonderful traits?

ALSO READ | Race, colourism, bullying: What parents feel about touching upon taboo topics with their kids

Using a word that introvert parents are familiar with, here is the acronym INTROVERT to give you some guidelines:

I : Interesting and deep conversations mean a lot to you, so indulge in them. While you can ‘get through’ some time playing ‘make-belief’ and pretend-play, ensure that you also spend time discussing things that are important to you, to let your child know that you enjoy this too! It will be the refuel you need to motivate yourself to indulge in the pretend-play that your child demands. Just as they need ‘their’ energy, you need yours, too. For example, make the bed-time cuddle about ‘talk-time’ and lead the conversations privately with your child, and share. Children are super quick to pick up behavioural needs and will respond accordingly. Similarly, when in the car or over dinner, spend some time talking about things that matter to you, and this balance of theirs and yours, will help immensely in creating a strong respectful bond. 

N : Navigate social interactions and play dates with a combination of delegating it at times to your spouse (hopefully, he is more comfortable with social settings). If both spouses are uncomfortable with birthday parties, work out if a friend can accompany a child at times, or you can find that one parent who is like you in your child’s circle and with whom you can coordinate. As adults, it will be important to understand that the child needs this social interaction and play-dates almost like oxygen for survival and to evolve. Remember your non-participation will be taken as a sign that you don’t care, so you have to be conscious of how you handle it. Children will not understand how difficult it is for you till they are in their teens; hence, you will have to find ways to balance your time in such situations, and enlisting the help of friends or family is one way to cope.

T : Time-outs. This one is not for your children, although we often associate it with them; taking some time out to enjoy your own private time can be helpful. For example, after a meal, when the kids want to play a board game, see if your spouse or in-laws can participate, and you take a few extra minutes cleaning up. Perhaps an extended bath hour, or reading quietly after the chores are done, will help ease your nerves, and give you the space to re-join the banter when you are ready. You need not feel guilty about this. It is almost like regaining your breath after a workout. It helps!

ALSO READ | Tyranny of Obedience

R : Respecting strengths and weaknesses is a key part of any relationship, and so is being comfortable with it. Your child’s strengths must make you grateful but your hesitancy to participate in everything that is outgoing need not drain you. Give children an indication that as a family, you are united but also have your own preferences and each one must be respected. Over time, children will recognise your need for space, and love you for it, when it is explained in a manner that is positive and celebrates their unique qualities and what makes you comfortable. Lots of talking, reading books, and watching movies like that will help to bring out these characteristics in a non-threatening manner.

O : Optimising exposure and understanding the need for your child to be surrounded by people, will make them happier and more in control. It is the oxygen for them. Plan wisely. These days, primary children are super independent and can manage to ‘fix’ their own play-dates, etc., and all you must do is schedule it. In fact, you can also excuse yourself at times by being honest about the need to ‘get some me time’ and reciprocate the favour so that it becomes a more well-oiled ‘give and take’. Most parents will appreciate honesty.

V : Validating the child’s personality. It is important that your child knows from time to time that you appreciate and value his/her personality. Letting them know privately and publicly how proud you are; it is crucial as they need acknowledgment and recognition.

E : Enjoy being you. We have discussed this before that just as you celebrate your child’s personality, you must enjoy yours as well. The diversity brings out the uniqueness as a family, and each member contributes. Your need to be private is as much a celebration as the need to recognise an outgoing personality

ALSO READ | Mom and daughter’s podcast for kids: Recordings under the bed, meetings over ice-cream

R : Reaching out for help. While most of these will come in handy, at times it does get overwhelming, and that’s when you reach out to specialists and professionals who are trained to help you cope with your thoughts and acts. Consulting a therapist will help you express yourself, and prioritise what your trigger points are, which keeps you better prepared.

: Talking strategy – your role is to listen. Introverts are great listeners, so play that part to perfection. Maintain a journal of what you feel if you did not get a chance to express in that conversation, and re-visit this to determine how to cope and manage. Many times, you will realise that you ‘stressed’ for minute things which did not need that attention!

Using the acronym, these simple steps will help you channel your thoughts, and give you ideas about how to build a strong relationship with your extrovert child while continuing to love your own style as well. Also, don’t forget to count your blessings – you are blessed with what most parents are desirous of – an extrovert child.

(The writer is an educationist and the founder of ACE)

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Anne Hathaway Confirms Baby Son's Name and Says She Was Pregnant While Filming The Witches

Anne Hathaway's son Jack had quite the magical experience — when he wasn't even born yet!

The actress, 37, appeared on Monday's episode of Live with Kelly and Ryan to talk about her new fantasy film The Witches, confirming her baby boy's name and revealing she was expecting him while shooting.

"Now I have a beautiful almost-11-month-old boy, but I was pregnant when I made The Witches, so technically he's all over that performance," Hathaway joked.

She also recalled her first fitting with costume designer Joanna Johnston, a "legend" whom the actress "reveled" in being able to work with. But they hit a slight snafu early on that required Hathaway to do some quick thinking.

"She goes, 'I really want you to have a really tight waist.' And I had just found out that I was pregnant and I was like, 'Mmm, no. No, I don't think so. No,' " she said. "And she was like, 'Well, why?' And I was like, 'Eh, you know, I just know myself.' I'm scrambling for a reason."

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Anne Hathaway Gives a "Whale of an Over-the-Top Turn" in HBO Max's The Witches: Read First Reviews

"And I'm like, 'I just know myself and I know that I won't be as free. I won't be as free if I'm constrained around my middle, so we just better make everything very loose,' " the Oscar winner continued.

As for how things are going at home for Hathaway, husband Adam Shulman and their two children, a sibling rivalry between Jack and his big brother Jonathan Rosebanks, 4½, is virtually nonexistent.

"No coping, just love," she told Ryan Seacrest of how Jonathan has adjusted to his brother. "Now Jack's big enough to wrestle with, and that's brought a new element to their relationship that's really cute."

Hathaway also appeared on the Today show Monday morning, joking to Savannah Guthrie and Hoda Kotb that her kids "will not be seeing" The Witches "until they are 30, and maybe not even then!", considering some of its scarier themes and the dramatic physical transformation of her character, the Grand High Witch.

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While Hathaway did not previously confirm her son's birth, she and Shulman, 39, were spotted last December at a park in Connecticut with Jonathan and an infant carrier.

The actress hinted in her July 2019 pregnancy announcement that conception wasn't exactly an easy journey for her and her husband of eight years.

"⁣For everyone going through infertility and conception hell, please know it was not a straight line to either of my pregnancies," the actress added. "Sending you extra love 💕"

The Witches is streaming now on HBO Max.

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16 baby myths that pediatricians want you to stop believing

  • Even before a baby is born, expectant parents will likely hear a slew of advice from well-meaning friends and family.
  • A lot of the advice that is often repeated are actually myths, including that picking up a crying baby could "spoil" them.
  • Dr. Blair Hammond, a general pediatrician, and Dr. Aliza Pressman, a developmental psychologist, debunked 16 common baby myths. 
  • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.

Even before a baby is born, parents-to-be can expect an onslaught of advice on how to raise their child to be healthy, smart, and happy. But many of the oft repeated tips haven't been corroborated or are downright myths. 

Dr. Blair Hammond, a general pediatrician, and Dr. Aliza Pressman, a developmental psychologist, who both work at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, talked to Insider about — and debunked — 16 myths about babies that parents frequently hear.

Myth: Picking up a crying baby will spoil them

Parents are often warned against holding and coddling their babies for extended periods of time when they cry because that could "spoil" them and lead a baby to rely on being held when they're upset. Experts say this simply isn't true.

"Picking up a baby will not spoil them," Pressman said. "Don't let anyone tell you otherwise."

Parents should make an effort to touch and snuggle their wailing newborns as much as possible because it teaches their brains to go from being upset to feeling calm. That's a life skill, which can begin to develop in infancy, Hammond said. (As a child gets older, it's certainly possible to spoil them by giving into demands, but that is a "totally different thing," Hammond added.)

Myth: Babies who walk and talk early are the brightest of their peer group

An early talker may perform better in language skills later in life than babies who don't talk early. However, children who don't speak early may also excel just as much, if not more, Pressman said.

The same is true of motor skills. "It's not necessarily true, or likely true, that an early walker is going to get into Harvard," Pressman said.

On the other hand, motor delays could be linked to medical issues that may arise. If a child is experiencing a delay in walking or other motor milestones, that's something to discuss with a pediatrician, Pressman said.

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Myth: Babies should sleep through the night by 3 months

At three months, it's possible for a baby to begin sleeping through the night, but it's not a sure thing.

"We all hope for that," Hammond said. "Every mother wishes that."

If, at three months, your baby isn't sleeping through the night because they need a feeding or two, that's OK,  Pressman said. Up until four months, a parent should allow the infant to direct how the nighttime feeding and scheduling goes. Between four and six months, parents can start to try sleep training methods. 

Myth: Never wake a sleeping baby

Newborn babies "really need to feed frequently," according to Hammond, which is why it's necessary to wake up a baby in the first few weeks of life every three to four hours, if they don't get up on their own. As children get older, you can allow them to sleep for longer periods of time. 

Myth: A baby's length at birth will predict their future height

Parents often look to the baby's length at birth as a determinant as to how tall they'll be later on in life. But Hammond and Pressman say this isn't an accurate indicator.

The biggest predictor of height, they said, are the parents' heights. It also depends on when a child goes through puberty. The older a child begins to go through puberty, they more time they'll have to continue growing. 

Myth: Lullabies help babies sleep

Singing to a baby can certainly calm a baby and a parent. But it's not a "magic pill" that is going to make your baby fall asleep, Pressman said. She encourages parents to find a variety of ways to soothe an infant, whether that's with music, touch, or reading.

Myth: Certain toys make babies smarter

Crystal Cox/Business Insider

After having a baby, parents will inevitably be inundated with targeted ads for "brain-building" toys. But what helps your baby grow smarter isn't the toy, it's how a parent or caregiver interacts with a baby while they're playing with that object.

For example, just putting a baby in front of blocks won't accomplish much in the way of brain development. But talking to a baby while they stack and discussing the various shapes, colors, and textures will. 

Myth: Excessive crying means something is wrong

A baby will be most fussy during their first three to six weeks of life. When a newborn cries for a long period of time, the first thing a parent should do is give the baby a once over, and make sure the baby isn't hurt and has fed, peed, and pooped. It's possible that they're so awake and frazzled, they can't calm themselves down, Hammond said. 

A baby who cries a lot could have infant colic. That's when a baby cries for at least three hours a day, at least three days a week, for three weeks.

If a baby is able to calm down when held by a parent or caregiver, that's reassuring, and indicates it isn't a pain issue, Hammond said. At any point, a parent should call their pediatrician if the crying feels worrisome.

Myth: Put honey on a pacifier to soothe a teething baby 

Serving honey in any form to a baby before their first birthday is dangerous because it can lead to a rare, but serious, condition called infant botulism. 

That's why parents shouldn't put honey on a pacifier to help soothe a baby who's teething. 

Myth: Baby walkers help babies walk

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Some studies show that babies who use walkers end up walking later than babies who don't use walkers, Hammond said. Another issue to consider is that walkers can lead to injuries, since a child could fall down the stairs with it and a baby may be able to climb on it, and reach for a hot stove, knife, or other dangerous item.

The best thing a parent can do is allow a baby to develop that skill naturally, Hammond and Pressman said. 

Myth: Naps aren't necessary

Naps are crucial for babies' emotional and physical development. They help babies learn better, control their behavior, and fall asleep better — an overtired baby will have a harder time getting to sleep, Hammond said.

Parents who keep their babies up during the day, to ensure longer sleep at night, will have an "angry" baby on their hands, Hammond said.  "That's not going to be a fun baby to take care of," she added.

An infant or toddler shouldn't be awake for more than five consecutive hours, and naps should remain in the schedule at least until a baby is about three years old.

Myth: Teething causes fevers

Teething shouldn't cause any issues outside of the discomfort that comes with the process. A baby might get fussy or eat less, but teething shouldn't cause a runny nose, vomiting, or fever, Hammond said.

Myth: Babies needs water when it's hot

For the first six months of life, a baby should only be given milk and formula to drink, nothing else — not even water. A baby's kidneys are too immature at that point to digest water, which should be introduced at about six months.

Myth: Avoid serving peanuts, fish, and eggs until the toddler years

In the past, doctors advised parents to hold off on introducing foods that babies could potentially be allergic to, including, fish, eggs, and products containing peanuts. Now, under the guidance of a pediatrician, families should introduce these foods between four and six months, because it may actually increase a baby's tolerance to those foods. 

Myth: Classical music can make your baby smarter

While playing classical music may certainly stimulate a baby's mind, it won't, in and of itself, help to make a baby smarter. The key is how an adult interacts with the baby while the music is playing, by showing delight and commenting on the sounds, Pressman said.

Myth: Bouncing babies will cause them to be bowlegged

Bouncing a baby, and allowing them to stand assisted on an adult's lap, is "fantastic" for motor development, Hammond said. It helps them to develop muscle strength and control, and doesn't put a baby at risk for becoming bowlegged.

However, a contraption, like a jumper, is not helpful in this case because it puts babies in an improper position, where they're leaning more on their toes, which isn't recommended.

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The number of children with COVID-19 has risen ‘dramatically’ over the last five months

  • The cumulative rate of coronavirus infections among kids has risen from 2.2% in April to 10% by mid-September, a new report finds. 
  • Increased testing is an unlikely cause, since testing rates among children has remained stable since the pandemic's outbreak. 
  • Kids still are less likely to become seriously ill from COVID-19 than adults, and younger kids in particular seem less likely to spread it. 
  • But the dramatic increase in pediatric cases underscores the importance of schools and communities implementing multiple strategies to keep students, staffers, and community members safe. 
  • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.

In April, children represented just 2.2% of coronavirus cases nationwide. By mid-September, that proportion had risen "dramatically" to reach 10%, according to data released today by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children's Hospital Association.

It's unlikely the rise is due to increased testing since CDC data shows children have consistently made up 5% to 7% of all tests administered since April, the organizations report.

While 10% is still lower than the percentage of children in the population (about 20%), and children with COVID-19 tend to fare better than adults, AAP President Dr. Sally Goza said in a press release "the rising numbers concern us greatly, as the children's cases reflect the increasing virus spread in our communities."

The study found both the cumulative rate and week-by-week  of kids infected has risen

For the study, which will be published in the December issue of Pediatrics but was pre-published online today, researchers looked at five months of reported COVID-19 cases using data from U.S. public health department websites.

In addition to finding that the cumulative total pediatric COVID-19 cases has grown from 2.2% to 10% since the beginning of the pandemic, they found the percentage has been rising on a week-to-week basis.

For instance, less than 3% of cases reported the week ending April 23 were pediatric, but in the eight weeks prior to September 10, that percentage ranged from 12%to 15.9% per week.

Where children were being diagnosed has shifted over time, too, with most cases in April being in the Northeast before cases spiked in the South and West, and most recently, in the Midwest. 

Children are still unlikely to get seriously ill or die from COVID-19, representing up to 3.7% of all reported hospitalizations and up to 0.26% of total deaths as of September 24. But they can carry and spread the virus, though exactly how readily remains to be seen.  

The study had limitations because states differ in how they report the data, and doesn't account for the unknown number of children who've had the virus but were never tested. 

"We must keep our children – and each other — healthy by following the recommended safety measures like washing hands, wearing cloth face coverings, and staying 6 feet apart from others," Goza said. 

Teens seem to be more susceptible than younger kids

Another report, released Monday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found the incidence of coronavirus among 12- to 17-year-olds was about double that of 5- to 11-year-old. It also found kids of any age with underlying conditions were most at risk for serious outcomes.  

Kids under 10 also don't seem to spread the virus as easily as older kids and adults, but the CDC says anyone under 18 likely plays a role in transmission, even if they don't have symptoms. 

"It is important for schools and communities to monitor multiple indicators of COVID-19 among school-aged children and layer prevention strategies to reduce COVID-19 disease risk for students, teachers, school staff, and families," the report says.

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Inside the 'Whimsically Sweet, Dream'-Inspired Nursery for Colton Dixon's Identical Twin Girls

Only the best for Colton Dixon's little ladies!

Five weeks after the American Idol alum, 28, and wife Annie welcomed their identical twin daughters Ava Dior and Athens Elizabeth, the couple are opening up to PEOPLE about the serene, "dream"-inspired nursery they put together for the girls, furnished with items from Pottery Barn Kids.

"We remember walking into the room that would become the nursery and had this thought to 'dream,' " says the couple. "After we spoke with PBK about the nursery, we realized our nursery dreams would be coming true."

"It turned into a whimsically sweet haven for our girls," they add.

As for the room's aesthetic, "We wanted a light and airy space with mostly neutrals and little pops of color. PBK brought our vision to life, and we added in some black and blush to our white room with light wooden cribs."

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Colton Dixon Recalls How He "Prayed" When One of His Twin Daughters Was Born "Without a Pulse"

And alongside a bevy of soft stuffed animals, Dixon and Annie "felt the unicorn rocking chairs ($199) were the perfect finishing touch to the twins' nursery," they add.

The new parents tells PEOPLE their "favorite part about the nursery is the nook with the rocking chair," which is a Bedford chair from PBK ($269 to $959).

"It serves as a place to spend quality time with our girls," they explain. "We placed the acrylic bookshelf behind the chair, making it the perfect place to read to them, sing to them and rock them to sleep."


Although Dior and Athens are currently snoozing in their parents' room, they say the babies have already taken a liking to their eventual sleep space.

"We know they will love all of the details of the room!" the couple tells PEOPLE. "They currently like the mirror behind the changing table. It reflects light and gives them something to look at during monotonous diaper changes."

"We are excited to make many more memories there," they share.






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