Georgia News Anchor Becomes First Person to Receive COVID-19 Vaccine Shot in Phase 3 Trial

Dawn said that her injection was "painless" and she was not informed whether she was given the placebo or the vaccine.

Earlier this week, Dr. Anthony Fauci shared that this prospective vaccine is being developed at a speed like never before.

It's "the fastest from the time a virus, a pathogen, was identified to the time it actually goes into a Phase 3 trial, literally in the history of vaccinology in the United States at least, and maybe even throughout the world," he explained during an NIH event on Facebook Live on Monday.

In mid-July, early test results from Phase 1 of the trial reflected potential success, with Fauci calling the trial "very good news."

According to the National Institutes of Health, the vaccine, mRNA-1273, was "generally well tolerated and prompted neutralizing antibody activity in healthy adults."

The vaccine is "designed to induce neutralizing antibodies directed at a portion of the coronavirus 'spike' protein, which the virus uses to bind to and enter human cells," according to a press release.

Phase 2 of the trials began in May, with the third round set to continue into the fall. "We’re going to start the Phase 3 trial in the third or fourth week of July. That is going to take place over the rest of the summer and into the fall. If all goes well and there aren’t any unanticipated bumps in the road, hopefully, we should know whether the vaccine is safe and effective by the end of this calendar year, or the beginning of 2021," Fauci told InStyle.

As of July 30, there have been more than 4.4 million cases of the coronavirus and at least 151,194 deaths, according to recent data from the New York Times.

As information about the coronavirus pandemic rapidly changes, PEOPLE is committed to providing the most recent data in our coverage. Some of the information in this story may have changed after publication. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from CDC, WHO, and local public health departments. PEOPLE has partnered with GoFundMe to raise money for the COVID-19 Relief Fund, a fundraiser to support everything from frontline responders to families in need, as well as organizations helping communities. For more information or to donate, click here.

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Fauci suggests goggles, eye shield for better protection against coronavirus

Dr. Fauci says he’s ‘cautiously optimistic’ about COVID vaccine trials, guarantees no corners are being cut

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, joins John Roberts with insight on ‘Special Report.’

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, this week said wearing goggles or an eye shield in addition to a face mask would provide more complete protection against the coronavirus, according to a report.

“Theoretically you should protect all of the mucosal surfaces [eyes, nose, mouth], so if you have goggles or an eye shield, you should use it,” he said in an interview with ABC News on Instagram Wednesday.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention already recommends wearing a face mask that covers the nose and mouth in public but the virus can also enter through the eyes.

Fauci recommended goggles in addition to a face mask for those who want “perfect protection” from the COVID-19 but admitted it’s not “universally recommended.”

He added one of the reasons eyewear hasn’t been recommended yet is “it’s so easy for people to just make a cloth mask.”

Heading into fall, Fauci said he encourages people to get a flu vaccine and hopes face masks will protect people from the flu as well as the coronavirus, ABC reported.

Not everyone responded favorably on social media to the idea of adding eyewear to facemasks. Some remarked the next step would be hazmat suits or living inside of a bubble, according to Market Watch. 

The United States is still outpacing every other country in the number of cases with more than 4.3 million and upwards of 150,000 deaths.

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At Least 29 New Jersey Lifeguards Have Tested Positive for the Coronavirus, Health Officials Say

At least 29 lifeguards from two New Jersey beaches have tested positive for the coronavirus after attending social gatherings together outside of work, health officials say.

On Friday, Daniel J. Krupinski, the Long Beach Island Health Department director said the lifeguards are from Harvey Cedars and Surf City, neighboring boroughs on Long Beach Island, according to the radio station WHYY.

“The health department started receiving reports of COVID-19 activity among Surf City lifeguards on Saturday, July 18 and Harvey Cedars lifeguards on Sunday, July 19,” Krupinski said. “We have reason to believe the case activity stems from common social gatherings outside of work on July 12 and 14.”

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At least 12 lifeguards from Surf City tested positive and 17 lifeguards from Harvey Cedars tested positive, according to WHYY and the Associated Press.

Mayor Jonathan Oldham of Harvey Cedars told the AP that the boroughs were alerted to the cluster on Thursday, adding that area lifeguards were being quarantined until cleared by doctors.

"Please be aware that when Harvey Cedars Beach Patrol Lifeguards have been on duty, since the beginning of the season, they have been instructed to follow a strict protocol of social distancing, and were each staffed with a Personal Protection Fanny Pack, including ample disinfectant wipes and face coverings," Harvey Cedars shared on its website. "Lifeguards sat in separate chairs, six feet or more apart, with their own equipment,  and with a perimeter of at least 6 feet between the Lifeguard chairs and beachgoers."

The website also noted the town has approximately 73 lifeguards on staff. "So our beaches will remain fully staffed with all safety protocols in place."

In the last two weeks, New Jersey has seen a 27 percent increase in the daily average number of new confirmed cases, according to a New York Times database. As of Monday morning, there have been at least 181,283 cases and 15,787 deaths from the virus in the state.

As information about the coronavirus pandemic rapidly changes, PEOPLE is committed to providing the most recent data in our coverage. Some of the information in this story may have changed after publication. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from CDC, WHO, and local public health departments. PEOPLE has partnered with GoFundMe to raise money for the COVID-19 Relief Fund, a fundraiser to support everything from frontline responders to families in need, as well as organizations helping communities. For more information or to donate, click here.

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Florida overtakes NY State in coronavirus cases, adds 9,300

Florida surpassed New York over the weekend as the state with the second-most coronavirus cases in the U.S., as more than 9,300 new cases were reported in the Sunshine State on Sunday, accompanied by an additional 78 new deaths.

Florida’s 423,855 coronavirus cases as of Sunday were surpassed only by California’s 453,659 cases. With 39.5 million residents, California has almost double the population of Florida’s 21.4 million inhabitants. California is the nation’s most populous state, followed by Texas, Florida and New York.

New York, once the epicenter of the virus in the U.S., had 411,736 coronavirus cases. The state has 19.4 million residents.

There were 9,344 new cases reported in Florida on Sunday. The number of new cases was lower than other days last week, but caseloads released on Sundays tend to be smaller because of the lack of workers entering data or in labs testing samples.

The statewide median age of coronavirus patients in Florida was 40.

Almost 3.4 million Floridians have been tested for the virus. The new cases tested over the weekend had a positive rate of 11%, according to the Florida Department of Health.

The state health department recorded 781 COVID-19 deaths over the past week for an average of 126 deaths per day on Sunday, down slightly from Saturday’s weekly average of 127 deaths per day. Florida had 5,972 total deaths as of Sunday, according to the Florida Department of Health.

Florida also had 8,951 coronavirus-related hospitalizations as of Sunday.

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Chloroquine: Malaria drug does not inhibit Coronavirus Naturopathy naturopathy specialist portal

Chloroquine does not help against SARS-CoV-2

The Malaria drug chloroquine was considered as the bearer of hope against COVID-19. It has been used for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 and in clinical studies. By now, most professional recommend people to this treatment. A new study shows that chloroquine blocks the SARS-CoV-2 infection of lung cells.

The Malaria drug chloroquine was one of many professionals for a long time the most promising drug candidates in the search for a COVID-19-therapy. But months ago, Researchers reported in the journal “The Lancet” that the drug is likely to be for the treatment of COVID-19-Ill-possibly even the death rate increases. Now, there are new insights to the preparation.

Approved drugs tested

Already more than 600,000 people worldwide have fallen by the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 caused disease COVID-19 to the victim. In order to obtain as quickly as possible is an effective therapy for COVID-19, are currently being tested drugs that are already used for the treatment of other diseases.

The current message according to the Department of infection biology of the German Primate center (DPZ) – Leibniz Institute for Primate research in Göttingen, Germany together with colleagues could not show at the Charité in Berlin, that the Malaria drug chloroquine which has been shown to inhibit the SARS-CoV-2 infection of kidney cells of Green monkeys (monkey), is able to prevent infection of human lung cells with the novel Coronavirus.

Therefore, chloroquine does not inhibit the spread of the Virus in the lungs is likely and should not be used for the treatment of COVID-19 used. The results of the study, which was conducted in cooperation with the Charité in Berlin and the Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-University of Bonn have been published in the scientific magazine “Nature”.

Different routes of Entry into the host cells

As the communication explains, it is known that SARS-CoV-2 is able to use different routes of Entry into the host cells. On the one hand, the pathogen can coalesce after deposition of the cells directly with the membrane and its genetic material into the host cell infiltration, on the other hand, the Virus can enter through Invagination of the host cell membrane and Budding of transport structures, called Endosomes, into the Interior of the cells.

In both cases, the attachment of the Virus to the cells, and the subsequent admission by the Spike-mediated Protein of the Coronavirus. According to the figures, the Spike needs to be activated-Protein either by the enzyme Cathepsin L (in Endosomes) or by the enzyme TMPRSS2 (at the cell surface). Depending on the cell type, both enzymes or only one of them can stand for the activation.

Agent acts only cell-type-specific

Chloroquine is a medicine used for the treatment of Malaria. Because the drug inhibits the infection of monkey kidney cells with SARS-CoV-2, chloroquine, was tested as a possible candidate for the treatment of COVID-19 in clinical studies. How the drug inhibits the infection of monkey kidney cells, however, was unclear.

The current study shows that chloroquine inhibits the Virus entry into these cells, probably by inhibition of Cathepsin L. This has raised the question of whether chloroquine also inhibits the infection of lung cells, by which it is known that they produce, although TMPRSS2, but only a little Cathepsin L.

According to the researchers, it was demonstrated that chloroquine inhibits the SARS-CoV-2 entry into human lung cells and the subsequent spread of the Virus in these cells.

“We were able to show in this study that chloroquine acts only specific to the cell type and the infection of lung cells is not blocked. This means that in the future testing of potential COVID-19-drugs from the outset, care should be taken that relevant cell lines not be used for the investigations in order not to lose time unnecessarily, and to identify as quickly as possible, effective therapeutics,“ says Stefan Pöhlmann, head of the Department of infection biology at the DPZ.

He adds: “The COVID-19 disease is caused primarily by the infection of lung cells, for this reason, these cells should have efficacy tests always take priority.” (ad)

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Coronavirus: Physical distancing may help ease burden on hospitals, but only to a point

Scientists have found that longer periods of social distancing alone are not successful when it comes to slowing COVID-19 spread, an advance which may help make better decisions in countries where a second wave of the pandemic is expected.

“Conventional wisdom was, the more intense and long-term the social distancing, the more you will curb the disease spread,” said Rajan Chakrabarty, a co-author of the study from Washington University in St. Louis in the US.

According to the study, published in the journal Chaos, any strategy that involves social distancing requires other steps be taken in tandem.

“But that is true if you have social distancing implemented with contact tracing, isolation and testing. Without those, you will give rise to a second wave,” Chakrabarty said.

Payton Beeler, another co-author of the study, noted that if social distancing is the only measure taken, it must be implemented extremely carefully in order for its benefits to be fully realized.

Their epidemiological model used data gathered by Johns Hopkins University in the US between March 18 and March 29, a period marked by a rapid surge in COVID-19 cases and the onset of social distancing in most US states. Calibrating the model using these datasets allowed the authors to analyse unbiased results that had not yet been affected by large-scale distancing in place, they said.

The model also included details on how much people of different age groups interact, and how that affects the spread of transmission.

“Had social distancing been implemented earlier, we probably would’ve done a better job,” Chakrabarty said.

Over the short-term, more distancing and less hospital demand go hand in hand, the scientists said, adding that this is only up to two weeks. After that, they said the time spent distancing does not benefit hospital demand as much. Society would have to increase social distancing time exponentially in order to see a linear decrease in hospital demand, the researchers noted.

They said this leads to diminishing returns. Society would see smaller and smaller benefits to hospital demand the longer it spent social distancing, the scientists explained.

According to the researchers, if social distancing “alone” is to be implemented longer than two weeks, a moderate shut down, say between 50-70 per cent, could be more effective for the society than a stricter complete shut-down in yielding the largest reduction in medical demands.

Another strategy for flattening the curve involves acting intermittently, alternating between strict social distancing and no distancing to alleviate the strain on hospitals, the study noted. According to the model, the most efficient distancing- to- no-distancing ratio is five to one, meaning one day of no distancing for every five days at home. Had society acted in this way, the researchers said the hospital burden could have been reduced by 80 per cent. “Bending the curve using social distancing alone is analogous to slowing down the front of a raging wildfire without extinguishing the glowing embers,” said Chakrabarty.

“They are waiting to start their own fires once the wind carries them away,” he said, adding however that his team’s model cannot inform strategies going forward as it used data collected in March. But Chakrabarty added that it may be able to inform our actions if we find ourselves in a similar situation in the future.

“Next time, we must act faster, and be more aggressive when it comes to contact tracing and testing and isolation,” Chakrabarty said.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)

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Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood to Air Episode About Helping Kids Understand Coronavirus Pandemic

Daniel Tiger is the latest PBS show to step in to help explain larger, important concepts that have been front and center over the past few months to children.

Lats month, Sesame Street and CNN teamed up to host a town hall titled Coming Together: Standing Up to Racism, aimed at helping children and families discuss racism and the protests taking place nationwide.

Sesame Street and CNN also aired their The ABCs of COVID-19 program in April, which helped kids and their parents deal with issues surrounding the novel pandemic.

"Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood: Won't You Sing Along with Me?" airs Aug. 17 on PBS Kids.

As information about the coronavirus pandemic rapidly changes, PEOPLE is committed to providing the most recent data in our coverage. Some of the information in this story may have changed after publication. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from CDC, WHO, and local public health departments. PEOPLE has partnered with GoFundMe to raise money for the COVID-19 Relief Fund, a fundraiser to support everything from frontline responders to families in need, as well as organizations helping communities. For more information or to donate, click here.

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Coronavirus: back Impfbereitschaft in the population, Naturopathy, naturopathic specialist portal

Corona: Fewer people to Vaccinate ready

Experts assume that the Corona of a pandemic will be to the end, when vaccines against the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 available and enough people have been vaccinated with it. However, in European countries the willingness to be against Corona vaccination drops.

All over the world have already infected more than 13 million people with the novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. In European countries the increase in case numbers in recent weeks, not as strongly as before. The led probably also to the fact that less people are Worried because of an infection. This could be a reason why the Impfbereitschaft drops.

Would benefit the population a vaccine?

In the fight against COVID-19, a vaccine is considered to be crucial. Would benefit the population but also? While in April 2020, 70 percent of the people in Germany were willing to be vaccinated, the number dropped in June to 61 percent, according to the University of Hamburg, in a recent communication. Many citizens are particularly concerned with possible side effects.

Lowest approval in Germany

In a representative study under the direction of the Hamburg Center for Health Economics (HCHE), University of Hamburg were surveyed in April and June 2020, more than 7,000 people in Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom.

The information suggests that the Impfbereitschaft against the Coronavirus fell in the countries surveyed a total of 74 per cent in April to 68 percent just two months later. Except Portugal, all countries reported lower Figures, the largest deviations are in Italy (down 13 percent) and Germany (minus nine percent).

In addition, Germany has – in addition to France – the slightest consent to the vaccination among the surveyed European countries. At the same time, the number of people who do not want to be vaccinated has doubled in this country. In Germany, this says, in the meantime, every fifth person.

“Of concern is that more and more people refuse vaccination against Coronavirus, and these are far more people than those who reject, in principle, vaccinations,” explains Prof. Dr. Jonas Schreyögg, scientific Director of HCHE.

Severity of the Virus is questioned

By far the majority of people in all surveyed countries are concerned from the potential side effects and inadequate efficacy of a possible vaccine. According to the report, 45 percent of the people who reject vaccination, and 61 percent of those who are unsure to call, this as the most important reasons. Every Seventh is against a vaccination, does not believe that the Virus is dangerous for your health.

However, the study also shows that Respondents who say of themselves that they trust information from government, the European Union and the world health organization (WHO), are more open to vaccination.

“Politics and science should therefore communicate about possible side effects and the effectiveness of a vaccine in a very transparent manner and for the confidence of the citizens advertise,” advises Jonas Schreyögg.

Women are insecure

“The highest approval in all countries we find men who are older than 55 years, and for those living in a household with older people or with a Person with a chronic pre-existing conditions”, says Schreyögg.

As the survey shows, women across all age groups was uncertain whether or not you want to vaccinate or not. Especially in Germany, shows that families and households with physically or mentally disabled people have the slightest Impfbereitschaft among all household constellations.

In addition, the Impfbereitschaft within Germany is distributed differently and takes from the North (67 percent), South (56 percent). In Bavaria, for example, only every Second (52%) is ready to be vaccinated. Between the old (60 per cent) and new Federal States (65 percent), there are only small differences. (ad)

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Nothing here is under control, with emigrants, about the dramatic Corona location in Florida

You can see in the Video: A German Expat on the dramatic Coronavirus situation in Florida.

“When you see the Numbers, then you think to yourself ‘Where did all this come from?'”

The US state of Florida is a new focal point of the Coronavirus pandemic. At the beginning of July, the state recorded more than 15,000 new infections a day. This exceeds even the Figures from New York. Emigrants Alexander Stöhr, of the for years in Miami, lives, speaks in an Interview with the star about the current situation on the ground.

“At the moment, is indeed called for quarantine, because my partner may have Corona. The Problem is, but Since there’s already the first Problem is that you made the Test before ten days. There is still no result. You have the feeling that I get when I’m people I run with my dog? People with masks. You got me, people keep it and don’t know really where that came from. These large Numbers that high we were, but, for example, a different example on the West coast of Florida. Almost four weeks ago, you get the feeling that no one can keep in mind. Since I was placed in a supermarket, and a mask. It has looked at the cashier behind the counter, and, of course, had no mask. As you have noticed correctly, that the people who work there, is not in the Restaurant, the want, the need, because the employer requires it. But the keeping of it. In my opinion it is due to the political, first and foremost, here in the U.S. or in Florida.

Everything else then follows. The people believe and go out and go to the beaches, to you then didn’t more people do this. All the beaches again. These large Numbers, the aftershocks of a month or two, we will reveal everything completely naturally now. I say that it seems to me, as if nothing is under control you are trying. You talk a lot. There is every day, feel every day a press conference from the White house. The experts give an opinion and say We do, are we supposed to do, stick with it!

The policy does nothing. One has the feeling that the chaotic circumstances help it to be easy to complete in addition to the track. And then you New York have. Because we do the Job. What you have to do? For example, Florida or Arizona? Not masks, bad. You do not say anything, follow the instructions of the experts. The simply do nothing. You are now standing next to him and say I think That is wrong, that we require now to the people that you have to wear a mask. In my opinion this is utter nonsense. In Germany, for example, are all in it together. Since you have a few that are against it. But generally speaking, the policy is a model but. The all pull together, and as a result, the people: know Everything clearly. The make it. Then we do it over here. The President refuses to go out with a mask out of the house, the Vice-President also. If the are no role models for the overall population, then the flaps can’t.”

And what Berlin thinks of when he looks back on Germany?

“A little jealous I must say, because it seems to work just in Germany. I have the feeling personally, and I say many friends here who feel The same way in the news. In Europe, it works now.

Germany, Italy, Spain, France. These people, these countries were badly affected. In March, April didn’t think of that here yet, looking ahead, that could also stand as soon as these countries. The countries have now brought better under control. Since I’m a bit jealous.

You wish, actually, that I would be right now in Germany, because it is me, I think, a little better would go.”

California’s 2 Largest School Districts Will Remain Online-Only This Fall Due to Coronavirus

California’s two largest school districts — Los Angeles and San Diego — will remain closed for the fall semester and continue to have online-only instruction, they announced Monday.

The two districts, which serve around 825,000 students, said that the risk of spreading COVID-19 is too high to have students, teachers and staff back in schools by the end of the summer, as they had originally hoped.

The school districts had to scrap their reopening plans as COVID-19 cases soared in California. The state has seen record numbers of new daily infections, with their highest yet — 9,897 — on Tuesday. Los Angeles county has seen the most cases in the state, with 133,830 of the 331,626 in California since the start of the pandemic.

With cases surging, school officials said that they could not safely reopen.

“There’s a public health imperative to keep schools from becoming a petri dish,” said Austin Beutner, the superintendent for Los Angeles Unified School District, according to The New York Times.

In a joint statement, the two districts said that they don’t know yet if this is the right decision, but it’s “clear” that their areas do not have the virus well enough under control to reopen.

“Those countries that have managed to safely reopen schools have done so with declining infection rates and on-demand testing available. California has neither. The skyrocketing infection rates of the past few weeks make it clear the pandemic is not under control.”

Los Angeles is the second largest school district in the country, after New York City, which serves more than 984,400 students. On Wednesday, NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio said that schools would not fully open this fall and instead bring students back on a staggered schedule. Students will come in to the classroom one to three days a week, and spend the rest of the time doing online learning.

On Monday, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said that schools in the state can reopen if their area has 5 percent or less infection rate over the last 14 days.

The school announcements come after President Donald Trump threatened to cut off federal funding to schools that do not reopen for on-campus learning, which he urged along with Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. Trump’s push goes against recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control, and Vice President Mike Pence later said that the CDC would issue new guidance on reopening schools that reflect Trump’s position.

Democratic lawmakers decried Trump and DeVos’ comments, along with several child and school advocacy groups. In a joint statement, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Federation of Teachers, the School Superintendents Association and the National Education Association said that the decision to reopen should be “based on evidence, not politics.”

“We should leave it to health experts to tell us when the time is best to open up school buildings, and listen to educators and administrators to shape how we do it,” they said.

As information about the coronavirus pandemic rapidly changes, PEOPLE is committed to providing the most recent data in our coverage. Some of the information in this story may have changed after publication. For the latest on COVID-19, readers are encouraged to use online resources from CDC, WHO, and local public health departments. PEOPLE has partnered with GoFundMe to raise money for the COVID-19 Relief Fund, a fundraiser to support everything from frontline responders to families in need, as well as organizations helping communities. For more information or to donate, click here.

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